Timing is perhaps the biggest shortcoming of solar return charts. Basically, they seem to represent a summary of the year taken as a whole. In the experience of people in my circle, the most significant time is three (3) months after the solar return. In fact, a couple years ago, my son asked me why everything seems to happen in November—for both himself and me. Significantly, both my son and I have August birthdays.
When Noel Tyl invited Mary K. Shea to write an essay on solar returns, Mary claimed that solar returns manifest 3 months before they happen. Although I have seen it happen to a much smaller degree, those events that happen three months are generally the more benign manifestations of the solar return. My observation, that solar returns are felt most strongly 3 months after they happen, corresponds best with the “opening square” in Grant Lewi’s transit theory, as those are the most traumatic manifestations.
Much of what I believe about solar returns has been derived from my own experimentation. First, of course they really are just transits. But solar returns do provide a lens through which we can focus our look at those transits. They give us a guideline to help us narrow the scope of the operative progressions, arcs and transits. Second, there is a question about which zodiac to use. The zodiac that you choose for natal astrology should be the one to use for solar returns. I am firmly committed to the tropical zodiac. Some tropicalists want to use something called the precession-corrected tropical zodiac. To me, the word “correction” implies that there is an error. I prefer to call that method, “precession-adjusted”, but, nevertheless, I do not use it. Likewise, the precession-adjusted zodiac is really just apologia by the closet astronomers whose belief in astrology is more reluctant than they care to admit. If a person believes in sidereal astrology, s/he should stick with it all the way. So, I recommend the tropical zodiac in solar returns, just as I recommend it in natal astrology.
The major previously unaddressed issue about solar returns is the choice of location where to cast the chart. There are two strongly held beliefs. One prefers to use the current location. The other favors the birthplace. I submit that both definitions may be correct at times. I have found that a third alternative works best for me. I view the solar return chart as being very dynamic, so dynamic, that if the client moves during the course of the year, the previous solar return chart must be recalculated for the new location.
Consider, if you will, my own horoscope. I was born
In 2003, I was living in
This observation explained a lot for me. Regardless of where you were living when your solar return came around, you will need to recalculate your solar return to your new location when you move.
As long as we are talking about calculations, now is the time to mention to be sure to calculate your favorite Arabic parts at this time, too. I will discuss them later.
Now that you have calculated the solar return chart, the next (and most obvious) problem is how to read it.
I have seen and heard several theories about how to read return charts, and I feel they should all be kept in mind, but only in the back of your mind.
First and foremost, it must be remembered that a solar return chart represents the summary of a year. Second, it must also be remembered that nothing can really happen in a yearly preview, unless the natal chart says that it can happen. Third, as return charts are defined when a transit makes a precise conjunction to its own place in the natal chart, conjunctions, and to a lesser extent, oppositions, between the return chart and the natal chart provide the major clues about how to read the solar return chart.
Go back, if you will, to my natal horoscope. Then calculate my solar return for
Two items caught my eye immediately. First was the tight opposition between the Sun and Uranus, with only 20 minutes of orb. The Sun was both in and ruling the 4th house, and Uranus was both in and ruling the 10th house. This combination suggested that age 51 would bring changes and issues involving home, career and status. I was also intrigued by the other massive opposition—that between Saturn in the first house, ruling the 8th and the Mars-Pluto conjunction in the 7th, sharing rulership of the 6th with Mars ruling the 12th. (The notion that Pluto is the true ruler of Aries was rather popular in the early 1970s. I believe that concept is one whose time has passed.)
It has been my personal preference to take a look at my solar returns about 6 months before they happen. If they, as Mary Shea thinks, do register 3 months before they happen, then I’ll have some preparation. Otherwise, the long lead time will give my subconscious mind some food for thought. As my marriage had been barely tolerable for several years, I kept wondering if I would have the fortitude to terminate it. The horary astrology technique of counting houses, which is just as valid in natal astrology, gives us the definition that the 10th house represents the end of the marriage. So the “big bells” in this solar return chart all suggested that my marriage would come to a screeching halt. Other indications of marital issues in the solar return chart include Jupiter, ruling my natal ascendant conjunct my natal Uranus in the 7th and Mercury, ruling my natal 7th, opposing my natal Jupiter.
There are really only two ways for a marriage to end: divorce and death. Then there are subsidiary considerations within those. Who would leave whom, or who would die? On the surface, I could not rightly tell. I decided to examine the appropriate Arabic Parts, which I often find to be a useful tool. Apparently, some astrologers have never considered the idea of adding Arabic Parts to a return chart. Go ahead, you have my permission. (Parenthetically, I believe that the most common definition of the Part of Divorce is wrong. Some people believe that if the Part of Marriage equals ascendant + descendant – Venus, then the Part of Divorce should reverse the order of the descendant and Venus. That opinion is weak because such a point will always be opposite to one’s Venus. Cosmobiological theory equates conjunctions, oppositions and squares; so that formula for the Part of Divorce will add nothing to a horoscope. For the Part of Divorce, I favor ascendant + descendant – Saturn, as Saturn is the natural ruler of the 10th house.) The Part of Death is almost universally agreed to be ascendant + 8th house cusp – Moon. There is an alternative Part of Death, which I really can’t say much about. It is Saturn + Mars – MC.
I calculated those Arabic Parts. The Part of Divorce was 4:18 Sagittarius, conjunct the descendant from the 6th house with an orb of 4½ degrees. The Part of Death was 9:38 Sagittarius, conjunct the descendant from the 7th house with an orb of 48 minutes. (That other Part of Death was 22:21 Aries. That one is just within the 12th house, trine to the Sun and sextile Uranus. It also suggested a death, but did not suggest whose.) I remember saying, “Oh my God, I wonder if Georgie is going to die.” I banished the thoughts because I didn’t have the self-confidence in my skills and because my teachers felt so lukewarm about solar returns. On
I don’t purport to know everything about solar returns. There is a huge amount of room for learning new things about them. I just want to encourage all who read this monograph to keep observing and experimenting with return charts and not to be cowed or browbeaten by the pseudo-intellectuals and self-anointed experts.